America Between the Civil War and the 20th Century: 1865 to 1900

America Between the Civil War and the 20th Century: 1865 to 1900

Jeff Wallenfeldt, Britannica Educational Publishing

Language: English

Pages: 147

ISBN: 2:00171019

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

The newly reunified United States experienced a tenuous peace following the American Civil War. It was a period characterized by great technological advances, but also by increased political, economic, and social polarization. This penetrating look at American history between the Civil War and 20th century includes firsthand accounts that reveal the prevailing ideologies of the time and shed light on significant people and events.

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tariff, and Hancock surprised political leaders of both parties by declaring that the tariff was an issue of only local interest. Garfield won the election with an electoral margin of 214 to 155, but his plurality in the popular vote was a slim 9,644. The election revealed the existence of a new “solid South,” for Hancock carried all the former Confederate states and three of the former slave states that had remained loyal to the Union. CHAPTER 7: THE ADMINISTRATIONS OF JAMES A. GARFIELD

After state attempts to control the growth of monopolies had proved ineffective, some federal restraint was provided by passage of the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890. The act was inadequate in that it did not define “trusts,” provide for practical means of “restraint,” or indicate whether labor combinations, as well as industrial, were to be subject to its provisions. The vagueness of the act itself, plus subsequent Supreme Court rulings, deprived it of any real effectiveness against the trusts,

tended to offset his association with the unpopular tariff of 1890. His most effective support in winning the nomination, however, was provided by Mark Hanna, a wealthy Cleveland businessman who was McKinley’s closest friend. Mark Hanna The prosperous owner of a Cleveland coal and iron enterprise, Mark Hanna (born Marcus Alonzo Hanna on Sept. 24, 1837) soon expanded his interests to include banking, transportation, and publishing. Convinced that the welfare of business (and consequently

therein, and shall be produced to the collector of customs, or his deputy, of the port in the district in the United States at which the person named therein shall arrive.… Section 8. That the master of any vessel arriving in the United States from any foreign port or place shall…deliver and report to the collector of customs of the district in which such vessels shall have arrived a separate list of all Chinese passengers taken on board his vessel at any foreign port.… Any willful refusal or

to justify a scheme which permits a tax to be laid upon every consumer in the land for the benefit of our manufacturers, quite beyond a reasonable demand for governmental regard, it suits the purposes of advocacy to call our manufactures infant industries still needing the highest and greatest degree of favor and fostering care that can be wrung from federal legislation. It is also said that the increase in the price of domestic manufactures resulting from the present tariff is necessary in

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