Collisions of Conflict: Studies in American History and Culture, 1820-1920 (Katowice Interdisciplinary and Comparative Studies)
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This book explores and analyzes the problems and challenges that have resulted from the Civil War, Reconstruction, slavery, and segregation in North America. These painful chapters in American history have continued along racial and regional lines and are of particular interest today when the USA are for the first time governed by an African American president. The postscriptum extends the main narrative by focusing on selected writers’ activities and fiction during the Civil War and Reconstruction.
of the nineteenth century and the first decade of the next are marked by many individual anti-lynching crusades or actions. Booker T. Washington took his stand on lynching, denouncing it on several occasions. Like Wells-Barnett, he appealed to Christian morality and the American legal system. In his article, “A Protest Against the Burning and Lynching of Negroes,” published in the Birmingham Age-Herald in 1904, Washington maintained that “the only protection of our civilization [is] a fair trial
could soon gain more political power and undertook actions to limit some of their rights. When Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase, who strongly supported the new rights of African Americans, died in 1873, he was replaced by Morrison R. Waite, a Republican from Ohio, whose attitude toward freedmen was entirely different from Chase’s. In 1876, the Court in United States vs. Reeves interpreted the Fifteenth Amendment “in a purely negative fashion. The amendment, said the Court, did not guarantee the
by the enemy or by his own comrades. The war equals the terrible and nobody hopes for any justice. Death comes inevitably to soldiers in “Two Military Executions,” “A Tough Tussle,” and along with civilians as in “Chickamauga.“ The Civil War sets son and father against each other, as in “A Horseman in the Sky,” or brother against brother, as in “The Mocking-Bird.” As Brian Thomsen explains, “Ambrose Bierce was there. He wrote what he saw, preserving the shadows of blue and gray on the printed
edu/Freedmen/procamn.htm. November 20, 2010. Quarles, Benjamin. The Negro in the Making of America. New York: Collier Books and London: Collier-MacMillan Ltd., 1973. Quarles, Chester. The Ku Klux Klan and Related American Racialist and Antisemitic Organizations. A History and Analysis. Jefferson, North Carolina and London: McFarland and Company, Inc., Publishers, 1999. Rasmussen, R. Kent. Critical Companion to Mark Twain: A Literary Reference to His Life and Work. New York: Facts on File, Inc.,
also saw how many Americans believed, especially after the Californian gold rush, in the opportunity and success that the West at that moment represented. Douglas in his proposed bill, known first as the “Act to Organize the Territories of Nebraska and Kansas,” wanted to divide a new region into two sections, in which the existence of slavery could be decided by the local inhabitants and thus by popular sovereignty. Since that was also when heated exchanges between proponents and opponents of