Haven of Liberty: New York Jews in the New World, 1654-1865 (City of Promises)

Haven of Liberty: New York Jews in the New World, 1654-1865 (City of Promises)

Language: English

Pages: 368

ISBN: 1479803510

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


Haven of Liberty chronicles the arrival of the first Jews to New York in 1654 and highlights the role of republicanism in shaping their identity and institutions. Rock follows the Jews of NewYork through the Dutch and British colonial eras, the American Revolution and early republic, and the antebellum years, ending with a path-breaking account of their outlook and behavior during the Civil War. Overcoming significant barriers, these courageous men and women laid the foundations for one of the world’s foremost Jewish cities.

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agricultural combination on Long Island and the large Hudson River estates. These rival interest groups dominated the political scene, producing closely fought elections for the colony’s Provincial Assembly and the city’s Common Council, contests that included Jewish voters.4 During this era, the population of New York City increased from about 1,500 at the close of the Dutch era to 3,000 in 1680, 11,000 by 1743, and 21,000 in 1770. From the mid-1770s on, this included a large black population of

Franks received sugar in exchange. During the French and Indian War, son Moses was the Frankses’ British liaison. Moses played an integral part of a syndicate of highly placed London merchants who became the largest purveyor of goods to British forces. Working through subagencies in New York and Philadelphia, the Franks family made commissions of greater than 10 percent on their provisions. In Philadelphia, son David was a partner in army supply. Government contracts from the 1740s through the

3. Jews in Gotham: New York Jews in a changing city, 1920 – 2010. ISBN 978-0-8147-7632-2 (cl : alk. paper) — ISBN 978-0-8147-4521-2 (ebook) — ISBN 978-0-8147-7692-6 (ebook) — ISBN 978-0-8147-1731-8 (boxed set : alk. paper) — ISBN 978-0-8147-2932-8 (e-set) 1. Jews — New York (State) — New York. 2. New York (N.Y.) — Ethnic relations. I. Moore, Deborah Dash, 1946 – II. Rock, Howard B., 1944 – F128.9.J5C64 2012 305.892'40747 — dc23 2012003246 New York University Press books are printed on acid-free

produced by immigration. Modern apartment buildings with parquet floors, windows in Foreword ■ xix every room, and the latest conveniences announced a form of success. It did not matter that these apartments were rented; home ownership did not rank high on Jewish New Yorkers’ requirements for either the good life or economic security — better to be able to catch the express train and in ten minutes travel two stops on the subway to reach the Midtown garment district than to own a house in

Secretly). He displayed Jeffersonian egalitarianism when he disparaged “a myriad of fattened lambs” in comparison to “purity of Heart” and “sincerity of worship.” A man must “subdue the passions of his carnal appetite,” for “worldly riches” are “as nothing when put in competition to the promised state of happiness.” The duties of a righteous person were to God, to “ties of consanguinity,” and to society, “each and every individual.” Doing God’s work included the classical republican duty:

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