Routes of War: The World of Movement in the Confederate South

Routes of War: The World of Movement in the Confederate South

Yael A. Sternhell

Language: English

Pages: 272

ISBN: 0674088174

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

The Civil War thrust millions of men and women―rich and poor, soldiers and civilians, enslaved and free―onto the roads of the South. During four years of war, Southerners lived on the move. In the hands of Sternhell, movement becomes a radically new means to perceive the full trajectory of the Confederacy’s rise, struggle, and ultimate defeat.

At Canaan's Edge: America in the King Years, 1965-68 (America in the King Years, Volume 3)

The Devil's Playground: A Century of Pleasure and Profit in Times Square

Lincoln and the Jews: A History

American-Made: The Enduring Legacy of the WPA: When FDR Put the Nation to Work

Daly City (Images of America)

Traveling Tennessee: A Complete Tour Guide to the Volunteer State from the Highlands of the Smoky Mountains to the Banks of the Mississippi River
















neighboring grove or park, bending under the weight Nation Building on the Road 23 of soldiers’ appetite,” wrote a South Carolinian. “The purest and best of the women mingled freely with the troops, and by every device known to the fair sex showed their sympathy and encouragement in the cause we espoused.” A Louisianan who left New Orleans in late May remembered, “At every depot there would be gathered the most beautiful ladies of the place, who would enthusiastically stream out and welcome

remembered in detail the horrors they suffered at the hands of the armed gangs who worked to police them. “When de patterollers caught you from home after dark without a pass, you were stripped and beaten on de spot dat you were caught on,” recalled a woman who was enslaved in North Carolina. “Some slaves have never recovered from some of dese severe whippin’s.” “These patrollers took two of my brothers, one seven years old and the other one five years old, and I have never seen either since,”

created still more circumstances that pushed enslaved Southerners off the plantations. The escape of some slaves exposed those left behind to a harsher regime of labor and to the masters’ frustration and rage. As the war lingered, supplies of food and clothing ran out all over the South, and some owners could not or did not bother to maintain a reasonable level of subsistence for their slaves. Large numbers of black men also fled the prospect of impressment. Being put to work for the Confederate

complete breakdown in discipline and started on the long journey back to their families. It was painfully obvious that the army, and the nation it fought for, were in the process of final collapse. One officer wrote, “When I see the crowd of stragglers, & then look across at the Blue Ridge, & think that I must give up this beloved Virginia because of the faintheartedness and cowardice of these men, who have deserted their columns, my heart bursts with a sob.”18 The Army of Northern Virginia had

willing to endure great hardship for victory. They seemed to think, wrote Anne Hobson, “that Richmond meant the South.” Indeed many Confederates viewed the evacuation of Richmond as a synonym for defeat. “If we have to give up Richmond, the war, in my humble opinion, is at an end,” wrote a soldier from the trenches of Petersburg in March.75 The significance of Richmond to the Southern struggle for independence makes it all the more remarkable that the surrender of the city did not automatically

Download sample